A literature review is the effective evaluation of selected documents on a research topic a review may form an essential part of the research process or may constitute a research project in itself in the context of a research paper or thesis the literature review is a critical synthesis of previous research the evaluation of the. Nowadays, there is a huge demand for scientific literature reviews as they are especially appreciated by scholars or researchers when designing their research proposals while finding information is less of a problem to them, discerning which paper or publication has enough quality has become one of the. The literature review is not an essay, it is not a research paper - the literature review is part of your essay, the literature review is part of your research boom then you can start and that the dividing line between the literature's review in the rest of your paper the development you go all their ideas, past. The aim of this article is to present a step-by-step approach to writing a literature review research paper to facilitate student and novice reviewers' understanding a literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period.
The literature review provides a description, summary and evaluation of each source the purpose of the literature review is to provide a critical written account of the current state of research on a selected topic: conducting research literature reviews : from the internet to paper galvin, j (2006. A literature review compiles and evaluates the research available on a certain topic or issue that you are researching and writing about because lit review formats vary greatly, be sure to read your professor's instructions first and defer to them a typical writing process for a literature review follows these. Conducting research literature reviews: from the internet to paper 2nd ed thousand oaks, ca: sage, 2005 hart, chris doing a literature review: releasing the social science research imagination thousand oaks, ca: sage publications, 1998 jesson, jill doing your literature review: traditional and systematic. Literature reviews are in great demand in most scientific fields their need stems from the ever-increasing output of scientific publications  for example, compared to 1991, in 2008 three, eight, and forty times more papers were indexed in web of science on malaria, obesity, and biodiversity, respectively.
Writing a literature review for a research paper writing a literature review seems to be a bit more difficult than first imagined by students part of this may be due to the writing experience that students bring with them to the project what types of papers have you written before book reviews essays critiques have you. Issue forum paper a forum paper is a paper presenting new ideas or a reaction to published materials stimulating debate it is necessarily well-founded in the literature standards for prospective publication 0 introduction the quality of research is a must and should be critically reviewed before committing any review or.
Definition: a literature review is an objective, critical summary of published research literature relevant to a topic under consideration for research its purpose is to create familiarity with current thinking and research on a particular topic, and may justify future research into a previously overlooked or understudied area. Guide to writing a literature review at postgraduate level literature reviews can be incorporated into an article, a research report or thesis strengths and weaknesses identify any gaps in the research identify any conflicting evidence provide a solid background to a research paper's investigation. The most common mistake that students make in writing a literature review for a research paper is to lose sight of its purpose you include the literature review to explain both the basis for and contribution of your research project the literature review should be focused on issues directly relevant to your study and should be.
To some extent, particularly with postgraduate research, the literature review can become a project in itself it is an important showcase of your talents of: understanding, interpretation, analysis, clarity of thought, synthesis, and development of argument the process of conducting and reporting your literature review can help.
Doing a careful and thorough literature review is essential when you write about research at any level it is basic homework that is assumed to have been done vigilantly, and a given fact in all research papers by providing one, usually offered in your introduction before you reach your thesis statement, you. Tips for writing your first scientific literature review article being familiar with the structure and purpose of reviews will help you navigate scientific literature more confidently, but remember that it is not likely you will be writing a review for what is the thesis or problem being addressed in this paper.
Tanya golash-boza associate professor of sociology, university of california, merced writing a literature review is often the most before you begin to search for articles or books, decide beforehand what areas you are going to research print this out, and cut the titles into individual slips of paper. Most are aware that it is a process of gathering information from other sources and documenting it, but few have any idea of how to evaluate the information, or how to present it a literature review can be a precursor to the introduction of a research paper, or it can be an entire paper in itself, acting as the first stage of large. A literature review is a critical summary of what the scientific literature says about your specific topic or question often student research in apa fields falls into this category your professor might ask you to write this kind of paper to demonstrate your familiarity with work in the field pertinent to the research. Research papers follow this same general outline as they begin with an introduction and identification of a research question, present the literature review, identify and explain the theory and hypotheses guiding the research, describe the research methods, present the results, and discuss the findings of the research.